Useful information about citation formats for research papers
Last Updated: Jan 8, 2016
Search for books in the KCTCS Library Catalog
Some E-Books, such as those in PDF format, have fixed page numbering, which makes them easy to cite. However, some E-Books no longer have page numbers. How do you cite these non-paginated E-Books in your papers?
See below for links to some helpful guidelines from APA and MLA for citing E-Books of all types, including those without standard pagination:
- MLA Guide ( Purdue U., OWL)
MLA (Modern Language Association) citation guide. Shows how to cite and format a paper in MLA style. Hosted at Purdue University. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.
- APA Guide ( Purdue U., OWL)
APA (American Psychological Association) citation guide. Shows how to cite and format a paper in APA style. Hosted at Purdue University. APA (American Psychological Association) is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
- Citation Machine (Landmark)
Citation machine is a tool that helps students and professional researchers to properly credit the information that they use. Created by the Landmark Project.
- Research and Documentation in the Electronic Age
Covers the essential information students need for college research assignments in any discipline. Site is based on book, Research and Documentation in the Electronic Age, Fifth Edition, by Diana Hacker and Barbara Fister.
- Style Wizard
The APA or MLA Style Wizards found at this site are designed to help you create citations by inputting citation data into fields. Style Wizard also has a Validity Wizard designed to aid you in assessing the validity of information you will find on the World Wide Web
- Chicago Manual of Style Quick Guide (U. of Chicago)
Basic guide to Chicago Manual of Style citation format, hosted by University of Chicago Press.The Chicago Manual of Style presents two basic documentation systems: (1) notes and bibliography and (2) author-date. Choosing between the two often depends on subject matter and the nature of sources cited, as each system is favored by different groups of scholars.
MLA Style Examples
APA Style Examples
Chicago Style Examples
There are several print versions of citation style guides available at the library in the Reference Section.
Two of the most commonly used ones are:
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